2nd DIVISION (REGULAR) AEF:
SUMMARY OF INTELLIGENCE

November 20, 1918 to November 21, 1918






CONFIDENTIAL
Not to be taken into front line trenches.

2nd DIVISION (REGULAR) AEF.
Second Section, G. S.
No. 125

SUMMARY OF INTELLIGENCE
November 20, 1918 to November 21, 1918.
10 h. to 10 h.


I. GENERAL IMPRESSION OF THE DAY:

This division continued its march towards the enemy's country and halted for the night on the general line TONTELANGE - BONNERT - AUTELHAUT. March resumed at 7h.30 this morning. The people of the territory passed over continue their manifestations of joy at their liberation in both official and unofficial demonstrations.

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II. ENEMY ORDER OF BATTLE:

From reliabe sources, it is learned that General KRUGER WELTHUSEN was Military Governor of ARLON during the enemy's occupation of Belgium. During the period of the evacuation following the Armistice agreement General von KEMMENICH was placed in command and withdrew from the town on Nov. 18th. General von MARTITZ made his headquarters in ARLON for a few days and left on November 17th for destination unknown. Since November 11th, units of the German 5th Army passed through ARLON on their way to the rear. From that date until November 19th 7h.30, there was a continuous stream of enemy troops of all arms accompanied by large trains passing through ARLON. At the latter time and date a force of about 200 Uhlans were the last to withdraw. 87th, 88th and the "Gilbralter" Regts. of Infantry:

On Sunday November 17th the 87th and 88th Regts of Infantry passed through ARLON. On Monday November 18th the "Gilbralter" Regt. of Infantry, followed by straggling pieces of artillery and large groups of transport, passed to the rear on the main highway of ARLON....

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III. ENEMY MOVEMENTS:

The general direction of the retreat is towards SAVAL and die KIRCH.

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IV. MORALE OF THE ENEMY TROOPS:

Reports from various sources continue to represent the enemy's morale as poor and discipline and organization lacking; however, from reliable persons in ARLON, after a special investigation, it develops that the enemy forces during the first few days after the announcement of the Armistice agreement, showed a decided lack of discipline and organization; but conditions improved and at the time of the evacuation, the troops that marched through ARLON seemed well organized and under control of their officers. The poor state of morale and discipline of the enemy's forces is not confirmed by the usual indications left behind by such a retreating army. The roads over which he is retiring are free from discarded equipment, arms and such other suggestive signs of demoralization. From this and the statement of witnesses in ARLON as to the enemy's condition while passing through that town, a conclusion is drawn that he is not in as bad a state of demoralization as previous reports indicate.

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V. CONDUCT OF THE ENEMY:

No cases of pillaging of the inhabitants has been reported. A considerable quantity of foodstuff and live stock are in the hands of civilians.

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VI. OBSERVATION OF THE ARMISTICE:

The enemy seems to be observing the terms of the Armistice.

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VIII. MISCELLANEOUS ENEMY DATA:

From interrogation of civilians at CHAUVALCY le Chateau. Men, women and children were compelled to work in the fields for which they received 40 sous per day. To avoid this labor, a certificate from a German doctor was necessary. Civilians were forbidden to leave the town. Only those who could obrtain a certificate from the doctor that dental work was necessary were exempt from this rule.

It is reported that during the entire period of occuaption by German troops in Belgium no communications were permitted between the people of Belgium and those of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.


R.S. KEYSER
Major, Marines
A. C. of S., G-2




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